Research abstract: 

Specialist treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome/ME: A cohort study among adult patients in England, by Simon M Collin, Esther Crawley in BMC Health Services Research Vol. 17, p 488 [published July 14, 2017]

NHS specialist chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS/ME) services in England treat approximately 8000 adult patients each year. Variation in therapy programmes and treatment outcomes across services has not been described.

We described treatments provided by 11 CFS/ME specialist services and we measured changes in patient-reported fatigue (Chalder, Checklist Individual Strength), function (SF-36 physical subscale, Work & Social Adjustment Scale), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale), pain (visual analogue rating), sleep (Epworth, Jenkins), and
overall health (Clinical Global Impression) 1 year after the start of treatment, plus questions about impact of CFS/ME on employment, education/training and domestic tasks/unpaid work. A subset of these outcome measures was collected from former patients 2-5 years after assessment at 7 of the 11 specialist services.

Baseline data at clinical assessment were available for 952 patients, of whom 440 (46.2%) provided 1-year follow-up data. Treatment data were available for 435/440 (98.9%) of these patients, of whom 175 (40.2%) had been discharged at time of follow-up. Therapy programmes varied substantially in mode of delivery (individual or group) and number of

Overall change in health 1 year after first attending specialist services was ‘very much’ or ‘much better’ for 27.5% (115/418) of patients, ‘a little better’ for 36.6% (153/418), ‘no change’ for 15.8% (66/418), ‘a little worse’ for 12.2% (51/418), and ‘worse’ or ‘very much worse’ for 7.9% (33/418).

Among former patients who provided 2- to 5-year follow-up (30.4% (385/1265)), these proportions were 30.4% (117/385), 27.5% (106/385), 11.4% (44/385), 13.5% (52/385), and 17.1% (66/385), respectively. 85.4% (327/383) of former patients responded ‘Yes’ to ‘Do you think that you are still suffering from CFS/ME?’ 8.9% (34/383) were ‘Uncertain’, and 5.7% (22/383) responded ‘No’.

This multi-centre NHS study has shown that, although one third of patients reported substantial overall improvement in their health, CFS/ME is a long term condition that persists for the majority of adult patients even after receiving specialist treatment.


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